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Oct. 21, 2001
By Greg Moses
From emails sent 10/21/2001,
Part 1 of 2 (see part 2 below)
CIA Roundup at NVUSA--10/21/2001
With Sunday's news that the "gloves are off" in the CIAs latest effort to
get Osama bin Laden, here is a collection of clips and links related to the
CIA at Nonviolence USA. This is part one of a two-part email.
The following materials (items 1-15) help support the claim that Deputy
Secretary of State Richard Armitage, conceptual guru of Bush's "New War"
theory and "Homeland Defense",["Homeland Security"] has extensive CIA background in Asian
matters, and was perhaps instrumental in the transfer of opium tactics from
Indo-China to Afghanistan very early on.
For those who consider oil motives relevant, it will be interesting to note
that Armitage joined past and future National Security advisors to the Bush
presidents in a July 2000 recommendation favoring a more aggressive US
policy for Central Asian Oil. Current National Security Advisor
Condoleezza Rice had a ChevronTexaco tanker named in her honor while
serving on the board of Chevron, a company with sizable interest in Caspian
Sea oil. (See more oil refs on Page C.) One report mentions in passing
that former National Security advisor Anthony Lake's appointment to head
the CIA in the mid-90s was held up when it was disclosed that he had failed
to divest his energy interests.
There is emerging literature surrounding the hypothesis that many of the US
responses to Afghanistan have been planned for some time. Here we find an
April 2001 report, alleging CIA involvement, in which the US reportedly
pledged $350 million dollars to an effort to return Afghanistan's Shah to
In August, according to the NY Times, Minneapolis investigators were twice
rebuffed by higher officials when they sought permission to further
investigate the "20th hijacker" Zacarias Moussaoui.
The CIA is admitting that it has been working covertly with the Northern
Alliance since the late 90s. And one report, citing Pakistani sources,
says an old relationship between the CIA, Taliban, and Pakistani
fundamentalists had been refreshed in the early months of the recent Bush
For more clips and links on the CIA, please see message two that follows.
NOTE: Page assignments may change as new material is added.
From Page A:
(1) And, finally, you can expect us to act with honor - to be aggressive,
but always in keeping with American laws and values.
†††--CIA Director George Tenet, Pearl Harbor Day Address, Town Hall Los
Angeles (Vital Speeches 12/7/2000).
(2) "The gloves are off," one senior official said. "The president has
given the agency the green light to do whatever is necessary. Lethal
operations that were unthinkable pre-September 11 are now underway."
†††--Bob Woodward (Washington Post 10/21/2001).
(3) In past times of tragedy and fear, our government has harassed,
investigated and arrested people solely because of their race, their
religion, their national origin, their speech or their political beliefs.
In the 1950's, when fears of the Soviet threat were used to convert dissent
into disloyalty, people were spied upon and punished on the basis of
political beliefs and associations instead of criminal evidence. Normal
standards of criminal evidence were abandoned; instead, race and political
beliefs became a cause for suspicion and recrimination.
Intelligence-gathering activities were directed at Americans who dared to
disagree with the government. We must not allow this to happen again.
†††--ACLU Action Alert (10/9/2001).
From Page B:
(4) Quoting unnamed sources, Mr. Asadollah Kuhzad, an Afghan journalist in
Peshavar who covers the Afghan conflict for the Persian service of Radio
France Internationale said America also supports the formation of a
provisional government by Zahir Shah and plans to give aid of 350m dollars
to this cause.
Former Afghan Prime minister Golbodin Hekmatyar [see RAWA commentary
below], the leader of the Hezb Eslami, stating that the Afghan crisis could
not be solved by outsiders and must be dealt among all warring parties,
rejected both the meeting and the plan.
He said CIA was behind the project of forming an Afghan provisory
government in exile.
Meanwhile, representatives from 42 different Afghan refugees organisations
in Europe ended Monday their first gathering that was held in Holland to
work out better co-ordination of their activities.
†††--Iranian Press Service (4/3/2001).
From Page C:
(5) Richard L. Armitage is president of Armitage Associates L.C. and a
former Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Office of International
Security Affairs. Mr. Armitage, with the personal rank of ambassador,
directed the formulation and implementation of U.S. assistance activities
for the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the former Soviet Union. Mr.
Armitage has extensive regional security experience in the former Soviet
Union, East Asia and the Middle East. Since his departure from public
service, Mr. Armitage has remained engaged in national security issues and
is a member of the Defense Policy Board. Mr. Armitage is a graduate of the
US Naval Academy.
†††--Bio of the man credited with inventing the term "Homeland Security" in
his work on the National Defense Panel (Final Report 11/30/1997).
(6) It is generally believed that Mr.Armitage actually served in the
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) till 1978 and from 1976, after a cover
resignation from the CIA, worked for some private companies of the CIA,
which were being used by it for covert actions in Indo-China. His critics
had alleged in the past that he was the author of the idea of using heroin
to weaken the fighting capability of the communists in Indo-China and then
in Afghanistan though the late Le Comte de Marenches, the head of the
French External Intelligence Agency under Presidents George Pompidou and
Giscard d'Estaing, had claimed that it was he who had given this idea to
the Americans with specific reference to Afghanistan.
†††--B. Raman (South Asia Analysis Group 1.3.2001).
(7) A prudent US response to this danger would give greater emphasis to
energy efficiency and to research on alternative technologies for supplying
energy requirements. Nonetheless, for the foreseeable future, oil will
remain an essential commodity. Greater attention must therefore be given to
increasing supplies of oil in ways that diversify supplies from areas other
than the Persian Gulf. The most promising new source of world supplies is
the Caspian region, which appears to contain the largest petroleum reserves
discovered since the North Sea. This geopolitical crossroad, which includes
Iran, Russia, and a number of newly-independent states struggling with
post-Soviet modernization and dangers of Islamic extremism, demands more
attention by American policymakers.
†††--Armitage, etal. (Commission on America's National Interests July, 2000
(8) The Commission was jointly chaired by Mr.Robert Ellsworth of the
Hamilton Technology Ventures, L.P., Mr.Andrew Goodpaster of the Eisenhower
World Affairs Institute and Ms.Rita Hauser of the Hauser Foundation and
included, amongst its members, Mr.Armitage, Ms.Condoleezza Rice, Mr.Bush's
National Security Adviser, and Mr.Brent Scowcroft, National Security
Adviser under Mr.George Bush (Sr), whom Ms.Rice once described as amongst
her mentors. Though this Commission was not set up by the Republican Party,
considering the active role played in it by these three prominent
personalities as well as many others close to the Republican Party, its
report needs close study by our policy-makers and analysts.
†††--B. Raman (South Asia Analysis Group 1.3.2001).
(9) Chevron christened the Condoleezza Rice, a 136,000 deadweight-ton,
double-hulled ship, early on in Riceís decade-long stint on the oil giantís
board of directors. Rice, a member of Chevronís board of directors since
1991, explained on televisionís Fox News Sunday in August that Chevron had
a policy of naming tankers after its directors. "Thereís also a George
Shultz and a David Packard," she remarked.
By advising the president to take military, political or economic action,
the national security adviser can influence decisions that can disrupt or
facilitate the operations of global multinationals like Chevron. Under the
Clinton administration, the White House counselís office advised members of
the NSC to divest themselves of energy-related stocks. When then National
Security Adviser Anthony Lake was tapped to become the CIA director in the
mid-1990s, his failure to divest $300,000 in energy stocks became the
subject of a Justice Department investigation.
†††--The Public I (Center for Public Integrity: March 7, 2001).
(10) On Friday, the House of Representatives backed away from an immediate
inquiry into what went wrong. Instead the House legislation calls for a
commission that will be more forward-looking, identifying reforms needed to
help prevent future attacks....
At about the same time that the C.I.A.'s August report was being prepared
and delivered, the F.B.I. arrested a French citizen, Zacarias Moussaoui, on
immigration charges. Officials at a flight school in Minnesota had called
authorities after they became troubled that Mr. Moussaoui was trying to
learn how to fly large jet aircraft, but had said he did not need to know
how to take off or land....
[Senior officials at F.B.I. headquarters rejected requests from agents in
Minneapolis for a wider investigation on two occasions, even after a French
intelligence agency warned the bureau in a classified two-page cable on
Aug. 27 that Mr. Moussaoui had "Islamic extremist beliefs."...]*
Another example came in late August, just as the F.B.I. was debating
whether to investigate Mr. Moussaoui. The C.I.A. told the Immigration and
Naturalization Service that it should place two men, Khalid Almihdhar and
Nawaf Alhazmi, on its watch list to bar entry into the United States. The
C.I.A. had earlier determined that Mr. Almihdhar had attended a meeting in
Malaysia in January 2000 with people later implicated in the bombing of the
Cole. Mr. Alhazmi had later traveled with Mr. Almihdhar to the United
States, and so the C.I.A. wanted him added to the watch list too....
†††--(NYTimes 10/6/2001 including a special report by David Johnston and
(11) Specifically, the compromise bill -- the "Provide Appropriate Tools
Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act (PATRIOT)" (H.R. 2975)--
contains troubling provisions that would permit indefinite detention of a
non-citizen ordered deported to a country that would not accept him or her,
minimize judicial supervision of electronic surveillance by law enforcement
authorities and allow intelligence agencies to spy on U.S. citizens by
providing them enhanced access to sensitive information about them.
(12) A seasoned Republican military strategist said: "Afghanistan is
obviously the initial target, but it isn't easy to decide exactly what to
do. There is always the danger of going off half-cocked. It's crucial that
we make the first attack an effective one, and I suspect that we don't have
enough reliable intelligence yet to make key decisions."
(13) It was the Americans, after all, who poured resources into the 1980s
war against the Soviet-backed regime in Kabul, at a time when girls could
go to school and women to work. Bin Laden and his mojahedin were armed and
trained by the CIA and MI6, as Afghanistan was turned into a wasteland and
its communist leader Najibullah left hanging from a Kabul lamp post with
his genitals stuffed in his mouth.
†††-- Seumas Milne (Guardian 9/13/2001)
(14) The covert effort, which has not been previously disclosed, was based
on an attempt to work with Ahmed Shah Massoud, who was then the military
leader of the largest anti- Taliban group in the northern mountains of
Afghanistan, and to have his forces go after Mr. bin Laden. Mr. Massoud was
himself killed, C.I.A. officials say, only two days before the terrorist
attacks on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center, and the C.I.A. believes
he was assassinated by members of Mr. bin Laden's organization.
(15) Those who have followed the warming of relations between the Bush
administration and Kabul are asking why the Bush administration wasn't
alerted to an impending attack through Taliban back-channels. According to
sources close to the Taliban and Pakistan's Jamiaat-i-Islami Party--the
Pakistani fundamentalist movement that nurtured and trained the Taliban--a
senior Jamiaat official, Qazi Husein Ahmad, recently traveled to both
London and Washington. While in Washington, he reportedly re-established
ties with the Taliban's old CIA contacts from the Reagan and first Bush
†††-- Wayne Madsen (In These Times 10/15/2001).
CIA Roundup at NVUSA--10/21/2001
Intro & Items 16-31
This is the second of two emails exploring the context for President Bush's
order last month to "take the gloves off" of the CIAs pursuit of Osama bin
The following materials (items 16-31) support the claim that the Bush
family has enjoyed a special relationship to the CIA for nearly forty
years, with current director George Tenet enjoying a specially warm
relationship with the Bushes.
CIA critics say the agency already operates, "by whatever means necessary,"
including the use of illicit drug profits, and coordination with local drug
cartels, for which Afghanistan counts as an especially lucrative source.
The Bush administration awarded the Taliban $43 million earlier this year
for its cooperation in suppressing opium growing, a move which reportedly
shifted poppy power to the north, where CIA involvement with the Northern
Alliance had been underway for some years.
It is interesting to note in passing that there are lingering concerns over
the US prosecution of the Gulf War, including allegations that US forces
"massacred" about 150,000 retreating Iraqi soldiers following their formal
As is already well known to wartime internet junkies, the famed training
camps in Afghanistan were built with US tax dollars under covert CIA
supervision through the auspices of Pakistan's secret service, ISI. But
ABC also reports that some of Afghanistan's fundamentalist forces were
treated to training in Virginia.
Someday we'll need a total figure for US money that can be attributed to
the bin Laden budget. Meanwhile, I'm guessing at least $10 billion--not
counting any poppy pennies that may have been diverted to "national
Finally, the ACLU worries that national intelligence has traditionally
turned on its own citizens during times of crisis and fear. This makes the
US system complex, argue Paul Wolff and friends, because the struggle for
democracy at home has sometimes been a costly cause.
NOTE: Page assignments may change as new material is added.
Page H (Cont.):
(16) Oversimplified, the CIA's primary global foreign policy method is to
gain influence and control by whatever means necessary. To be a bit more
clear, let's compare civilian police against covert operatives. In police
work, law enforcement dealings with underworld elements are always
difficult and wraught with ethical problems, but civilian police are
subject to rules and oversight. Conversely, the CIA is comparatively
unencumbered by the rules that govern civilian police corps, and suffers
little Congressional oversight. The result of this extreme freedom in
executing policy, is that the CIA's official and unofficial operatives
involved in its covert operations division are free to pursue military
objectives with whatever means they see fit.
These operatives are covert warriors, they are key in expanding the US
sphere of influence. In order for covert actions to be effective
politically and militarily, the CIA employs parts of the underworld as its
operatives (like the thousand foreign agents mentioned above). After all,
who knows the political and social terrain better than the local mob? But,
once employed by the CIA, these criminal enterprises naturally expect some
kind of quid-pro-quo, and in order to concentrate power via its foriegn
underworld proxies, the CIA has to find ways to reward and empower its
criminal proxies. If the CIA really wants to gain influence and control in
countries and economies via alliances with underground criminal
enterprises, and if these alliances entail protecting drug piplines, well,
the end justifies the means.
†††--CIA & Drugs: An Introduction (ciadrugs.homestead.com). Also:
Bibliography of Covert Operations in Afghanistan 1992-1996.
(17) Mr. President, we hope that you and Mrs. Bush will always come home
to visit us at CIA. We consider it an honor to have our complex named after
you, and we will do all that we can to make you and our wonderful country
proud of us....
The unbiased assessment of our Directorate of Intelligence is that
throughout your long years of public service you have been among their most
dedicated, enthusiastic and discriminating customers. You have always
understood how vitally important it is for our national leaders to be able
to make their decisions based on the most complete information and the best
analysis possible. As DCI, as Vice President and as President you read
every single Daily Brief that the Intelligence Directorate produced. Even
if they doubted that anybody else in the government was reading their
stuff, they could always count on you! As you know, our analysts pride
themselves on the accuracy of their predictions. They will always be among
your biggest fans, even though, Mr. President, you didnít always call it
right. And we found one such instance. After President Ford asked you to
take the CIA job, and you answered the call of duty, you wrote the
following to your good friend, Congressman Bill Steiger: ďI honestly feel
my political future is behind me Ė but hell, Iím 51, and this new one gives
me a chance to really contribute.Ē
†††--Georg Tenet to Bush Sr. upon the dedication of the Bush CIA Building
(CIA Website 4/26/1999).
(18) Tenet is the first CIA director in 28 years to remain in office after
the White House switched occupants.
†††--Dept. of State (1/16/2001).
(19) Explosive growth in Afghan opium production is being driven by the
shared interests of traditional traffickers and the Taliban. And as with so
many of these cross-national issues, Mr. Chairman, what concerns me most is
the way the threats become intertwined. In this case, there is ample
evidence that Islamic extremists such as Usama Bin Ladin use profits from
the drug trade to support their terror campaign.
†††--George Tenet (2/2/2000).
(20) [Afghanistan]: world's largest illicit opium producer, surpassing
Burma (potential production in 1999 - 1,670 metric tons; cultivation in
1999 - 51,500 hectares, a 23% increase over 1998); a major source of
hashish; increasing number of heroin-processing laboratories being set up
in the country; major political factions in the country profit from drug
†††--CIA Factbook ( Afghanistan).
(21) It is only fitting that on December 7th, I quote Harry Truman - the
President who created the CIA as a hedge against a new Pearl Harbor. Truman
once said: "We must help people improve the conditions of life, to create a
world in which democracy and freedom can flourish."
†††--George Tenet (Vital Speeches 12/7/2000).
(22) Conveniently ignored in all of the press coverage since the tragic
events of Sept. 11 is the fact that on May 17 Secretary of State Colin
Powell announced a gift of $43 million to the Taliban as a purported reward
for its eradication of Afghanistan's opium crop this February. That, in
effect, made the U.S. the Taliban's largest financial benefactor according
to syndicated columnist Robert Scheer writing in The Los Angeles times on
May 22. But -- as we described in FTW's March 2001 issue -- the Taliban's
destruction of that crop was apparently the single most important act of
economic warfare against U.S. economic interests that the Taliban had ever
committed. So why the gift?
†††--Michael C. Ruppert ( copvcia.org 9/18/2001).
(23) "Even in Vietnam I didn't see anything like this. It's pathetic,"
said Major Bob Nugent, an Army intelligence officer. This one-sided
carnage, this racist mass murder of Arab people, occurred while White House
spokesman Marlin Fitzwater promised that the U.S. and its coalition
partners would not attack Iraqi forces leaving Kuwait. This is surely one
of the most heinous war crimes in contemporary history....
The massacre of withdrawing Iraqi soldiers violates the Geneva Conventions
of 1949, Common Article III, which outlaws the killing of soldiers who are
out of combat. The point of contention involves the Bush administration's
claim that the Iraqi troops were retreating to regroup and fight again.
Such a claim is the only way that the massacre which occurred could be
considered legal under international law. But in fact the claim is false
and obviously so. The troops were withdrawing and removing themselves from
combat under direct orders from Baghdad that the war was over and that Iraq
had quit and would fully comply with UN resolutions. To attack the soldiers
returning home under these circumstances is a war crime.
†††--Joyce Chediac (5/11/1991).
(24) But the United States is a very complex system. It's very hard to
describe because, yes, there are elements of democracy; there are things
that you're grateful for, that you're not in front of the death squads in
El Salvador. On the other hand, it's not quite a democracy. And one of the
things that makes it not quite a democracy is the existence of outfits like
the FBI and the CIA. Democracy is based on openness, and the existence of a
secret policy, secret lists of dissident citizens, violates the spirit of
†††--Paul Wolff, etal. (COINTELPRO 9/1/2001).
(25) Contrary to the claims of US officials, these were not sophisticated
training facilities, but improvised structures to put up the trainees. The
only sophisticated parts of these camps were the ammunition storage depots,
which were being used during the Afghan war of the 1980s for storing the
arms and ammunition given by the CIA before their distribution to the
Mujahideen by the ISI. Since CIA officials used to visit these camps, set
up with their assistance, during the 1980s, they were well aware of their
location and of the location of the ammunition storage depots. It was,
therefore , surprising that the American bombings of August 20,1998, failed
to hit any of the storage depots. They destroyed only the improvised
residential portions. This doesnít speak well of the much-vaunted Cruise
†††--SAPRA India (1998). Also posted at americanfriends.org
(26) At the CIA, it happens often enough to have a code name: Blowback.
Simply defined, this is the term that describes an agent, an operative or
an operation that has turned on its creators. Osama bin Laden, our new
public enemy Number 1, is the personification of blowback.
†††--Michael Moran ( MSNBC). See also bibliography on covert action in
(27) Thirdly, Casey committed CIA support to a long-standing ISI
initiative to recruit radical Muslims from around the world to come to
Pakistan and fight with the Afghan Mujaheddin. The ISI had encouraged this
since 1982, and by now all the other players had their reasons for
supporting the idea.
†††--Ahmed Rashid (Center for Public Integrity, CPI 9/13/2001).
(28) In other words, backed by Pakistan's military intelligence (ISI)
which in turn was controlled by the CIA, the Taliban Islamic State was
largely serving American geopolitical interests. The Golden Crescent drug
trade was also being used to finance and equip the Bosnian Muslim Army
(starting in the early 1990s) and the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA). In last
few months there is evidence that Mujahideen mercenaries are fighting in
the ranks of KLA-NLA terrorists in their assaults into Macedonia.
†††--Michel Chossudovsky (Centre for Research on Globalisation, CRG
(29) In Wars: Afghanistan, America and International Terrorism (Pluto
Press: 1999), ABC journalist John Cooley documents how radical Afghan
militants were trained in Virginia to fight the Soviet Union, using US tax
dollars in the 1980s. According to Cooley, these militants were trained at
Camp Peary - CIA facility in Virginia. The Federation of American
Scientists has published unclassified documents that explain Peary's role:
to provide "advanced weapons and explosives training"
†††--Peace Poster. Also see book review, borrowed from LATimes 1/16/2000.
(30) But unfortunately we must say that it was the government of the
United States who supported Pakistani dictator Gen. Zia-ul Haq in creating
thousands of religious schools from which the germs of Taliban emerged. In
the similar way, as is clear to all, Osama Bin Laden has been the blue-eyed
boy of CIA. But what is more painful is that American politicians have not
drawn a lesson from their pro-fundamentalist policies in our country and
are still supporting this or that fundamentalist band or leader. In our
opinion any kind of support to the fundamentalist Taliban and Jehadies is
actually trampling democratic, women's rights and human rights values.
†††--Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan: RAWA (9/14/2001
). See also a hefty collection of materials about US foreign policy at
(31) Brzezinski: Yes. According to the official version of history, CIA
aid to the Mujahadeen began during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet
army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec 1979. But the reality, secretly guarded
until now, is completely otherwise: Indeed, it was July 3, 1979 that
President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponents
of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the
president in which I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going
to induce a Soviet military intervention.
†††--Bill Blum's translation (Le Nouvel Observateur, Jan 15-21, 1998, p.
76, French Edition). Submitted via email.
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