HISTORY OF MEDIEVAL PHILOSOPHY

SYLLABUS (WEB EDITION) PHIL 223

GREG MOSES MARIST COLLEGE FALL 1995

Description:

This course will survey the history of Medieval Philosophy as exemplified in the works of St. Thomas Aquinas (1225- 1274), where Latin, Greek, Islamic, and Hebrew philosophies are synthesized into a singular quest for human perfection. For St. Thomas, every voice is countable: Plato, Aristotle, Paul, Augustine, Boethius, Avicenna, Averroes, Maimonides, and others are considered for their various contributions to the whole truth of human existence. As St. Thomas brilliantly conveys his faith in Christian scripture, he also demonstrates that truth has allies among pagan, Jewish, and Moslem philosophers. Thus the spirit of approach is neither dogmatic nor sectarian, but diverse and plural. How can we do justice to fifteen centuries of Medieval Philosophy in fifteen weeks? In the works of St. Thomas we find a compendium and unification of Medieval Philosophy which may serve as a panoramic window to the vistas of its history.

Texts:

Introduction to St. Thomas Aquinas. Ed. Anton C. Pegis. New York: Modern Library, 1948. [Summa] Copleston, F. C. A History of Medieval Philosophy. Notre Dame: Notre Dame UP, 1990. [HMP]

Requirements:

Attendance and class participation are expected (3 absences = 1 letter grade off, etc). Tests will seek to evaluate a studentís critical appreciation for readings and class discussions.

Grades:

10 weekly quizzes (10 points each) = 25% Midterm exam = 25% Term paper (2,500 words) = 25% Final exam = 25%

Term Paper:

Here the student will explore some issue relevant to the history of Medieval Philosophy. The instructor will encourage topics which have organic relation to student interest. General grading criteria will include clarity of presentation,style of composition, the ability to reason soundly toward an interesting conclusion, and some indication that the paper has actually been a learning experience.

Plan of Reading:

Week of:

Sep. 4 -- METAPHYSICS

Summa I, Q. 1, "On Sacred Doctrine", pp. 3-19. HMP, Ch. 10, "13th Cent. Universities," pp. 150-60.(26)

Web Suggestions:

Labyrinth: Bryn Mawr Medieval Review (BMMR):

Sep. 11 -- EPISTEMOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 12, "How God is Known by Us," pp. 70-96. HMP, Ch. 3, "Augustine," pp. 27-49.(48)

Web suggestions:

Augustine Home Page Augustine Discussion Archive Augustine and the Order of St. Benedict

Sep. 18 -- COSMOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 19, "Will of God," pp. 192-213. HMP, Ch. 4, "Dionysius," pp. 50-56. Ch. 14, "Duns Scotus," pp. 213-29.(43)

Web suggestions:

Egyptian Book of the Dead (Papyrus of Ani) Dead Sea Scrolls Church Fathers at ICL

Sep. 25 -- PSYCHOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 75 & 76, "Soul and Body," pp. 280-310. HMP, Ch. 8, "Islamic Philosophy," pp. 104-24.(50)

Web suggestions:

Oct. 2 -- ETHICS

Summa I-II, Q. 6 & 8, "Voluntary and Involuntary" & "Object of Volition," pp. 478-97. HMP, Ch. 13, "Albert and Thomas," pp. 176-98.(41)

Web suggestions:

German Index at Labyrinth Term paper, topic due.

Oct. 9 -- POLITICS

Summa I-II, Q. 90 & 91, "The Essence of Law," and "The Kinds of Law," pp. 609-27. HMP, Ch. 9, "Maimonides," pp. 136-45. Ch. 18"Marsilius of Padua," pp. 292-313.(48)

Oct. 23 -- METAPHYSICS

Summa I, Q. 2, 3, 5-7, & 11, "Godís Existence and Attributes," pp. 20-69.(49)

Web suggestions:

Vatican

*Oct. 30 -- EPISTEMOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 13 & 14, "Godís Names and Knowledge," pp. 97-160. Summa I, Q. 15-17, "Ideas, Truth, and Falsity," pp. 161- 91.(94)

Web suggestions:

Virtual Library--Philosophy Term paper, thesis due ("In this paper, I will argue .. ." ).

Nov. 6 -- COSMOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 22, 25, 44, & 45, "Godís Providence, Power, Creation, and Emanation," pp. 214-45. Summa I, Q. 46-49, "Creatures, Things, and Evil," pp. 246-79.(65)

Web suggestions:

Perseus (Classic Antiquity Home Page) Plotinus--The Enneads

*Nov. 13 -- PSYCHOLOGY

Summa I, Q. 77-81, "Intellect, Appetite, and Sensuality," pp. 311-60. Summa I, Q. 82-87, "Will, Choice, and Knowledge," pp. 361-428.(117)

Web suggestions:

*Nov. 20 -- ETHICS

Summa I-II, Q. 9, 12, 13, 18 & 20, "Movement, Choice, and Acts of Good and Evil," pp. 498-543. Summa I-II, Q. 49, 51, 54-58, & 60-64, "Habits and Virtues," pp. 544-608.(110) [Because of Thanksgiving, this section of reading will be carried over to the following week.]

Web suggestions:

Hill Monastic Manuscripts Library

Nov. 27 -- POLITICS

Summa I-II, Q. 93-95, "Law: Eternal, Natural, and Human," pp. 628-50.(22)

Web suggestions:

Dec. 3 -- GRACE

Summa I-II, Q. 109-12, "Grace: Necessity and Cause," pp. 651-81.(30)

Web suggestions:

Medieval Music The Tech Classics Final Exam NOTES: Numbers in parentheses indicate total pages of reading for the week. * Warning: indicates lengthier reading assignments. Bibliography Home